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Thank you for the 7th ELMC

Dear Friends,

The ELMI team wishes to thank you for making the 7th European Labour Mobility Congress such a splendid and meaningful event.
It was you, Dear Participants, who created a pleasant atmosphere for an exchange of views, of defining and solving most complex problems of the posting of workers within the framework of freedom to provide services.

We are grateful to our keynote speakers, Herwig Verschueren and Henrik Saugmandsgaard Øe for their provocative and inspiring speeches. Thanks to your special guest speakers, Cosmin Boiangiu, Gertruda Uścińska and Józef Gawron for pointing out the helpful role of administrative services at the EU, national and regional level.

We are also grateful to your Expert Speaker, Karolina Schiffter from PCS Paruch Chruściel Schiffter Stępień Kanclerz| Littler the Partner of the ELMC – for saving the Apollo 13 mission (with posted workers onboard). .

Last, but not least, we would like to thank the moderators of the three panels for the concept, excellent casting and outstanding execution: Frederic De Wispelaere, Kamil Matuszczyk and Robert Lisicki.

Special thanks go to ELMC Partner Fragomen for providing such excellent experts like Jo Antoons, Hans Benson, Wim Cocquyt and Jez Etherton.

And to the European Commission for sending us their best people: Carita Rammus and Helge Kleinwege, and indeed for their financial support.

Kudos to the Ministry of Economic Development and Technology for co-organising the first ELMC day. Working with you is a pleasure. .

Thanks to ZUS for consultation Your Host City: Kraków and your Regional Partner: Małopolska were happy to see you. You are always welcome here.

15 worshops coronaverant opus: all interesting and inspiring – real food for thought.

See you at ELMC 2024 and a bit before that – at Warm-Ups.

Your ELMI Team

Katarzyna, Iza, Katarzyna, Karolina, Marcin, Marek, Stefan

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Solving problems in posting with European governance – Summary of second day of the ELMC 2023

“The principle of autonomous understanding of terms used in Union law prohibits giving the same concepts of Union law the meaning they have in national law. This allows you to get answers to many of your everyday questions. Knowledge of the basic principles of the European legal order therefore enables you to solve practical problems. It also gives you the opportunity to use effective arguments before the courts and authorities in any Member State”. – indicated the President of the European Labour Mobility Institute (ELMI), Stefan Schwarz, at the opening of the VII European Labour Mobility Congress (ELMC) 2023.

The above thought was creatively developed during the second day of the Congress. Traditionally, it was devoted to a series of practical workshops led by recognised practitioners from Poland and abroad.

On the future of the posting of third-country nationals, home care and digitalisation – practically!

The morning block of workshops on the second day started with simultaneous presentations by representatives of ZUS (Dr Andrzej Szybkie and Krzysztof Delert-Urban) and the Chief Labour Inspectorate (Dyr. Dariusz Górski) on the issues that bother every entrepreneur the most – methods of detecting irregularities and control activities in cross-border situations.

As the main topics of the ELMC 2023 were the mobility of workers – third-country nationals in the EU internal market, the future of home care services for the elderly in the EU and digitalisation in the posting of workers, the second day of the Congress did not lack practical presentations on these very issues.

A dedicated workshop on the posting of Ukrainian citizens to other EU countries was conducted by attorney-at-law Tomasz Rogala of the law firm PCS Paruch Chruściel Schiffter Stępień Chancellor | Littler (Congress Partner). In turn, ELMI President Stefan Schwarz and Marcin Kiełbasa, in their presentation “Vander Elst visa – fundamental right or common crime”, pointed out that German law, insofar as it introduces a requirement for posted workers who are third-country nationals whose situation in the sending state is regulated to obtain a visa before entering Germany and provides for automatic deportation in the event of entry without a visa, violates obligations under Article 56 TFEU. Notwithstanding this, the case law of the German courts violates the principle of the autonomy of concepts in EU law, which requires that concepts used in EU law and in national law be interpreted independently of each other.

Advocate Karolina Ziemianin, in the workshop ‘Judgment on the Bulgarian caregiver case – 7 things you need to know’, stated that in light of the judgments of the German labour courts, if a caregiver working in Germany is an employee, she is due remuneration for the actual working time (and not only the time specified in the contract). The obligation to pay remuneration also covers on-call time and does not apply to actual time off. At the same time, the speaker emphasised that the title judgment is individual in nature and therefore does not automatically apply to all caregivers posted to Germany.

On the other hand, the issues of digitalisation and compliance in the posting of workers were addressed in a workshop by Wim Cocquyt and Jez Etherton (FRAGOMEN – Congress Partner), as well as by Lawyer Tanel Feldman and Lawyer Ewald Oberhammer (COMIC) – which provided a lot of practical examples and solutions in this respect.

Trust and cooperation … and solid knowledge in uncertain times

Carita Rammus from the European Commission assessed on the first day of the Congress that more mutual trust and cooperation is needed in cross-border labour mobility. A workshop by Iwona Kasprzyk Sowa and Magdalena Klimczak-Nowacka (European Labour Office, ELA) was devoted, among others, to this important aspect of cross-border mobility. The old Roman adage says ‘trust but verify’, so there was no lack of practical knowledge about posting to individual EU Member States.

As with every edition – the organisers’ intention was for the workshop to focus on the “most popular” posting destinations – the so-called Member States receiving the highest number of posted workers. According to the latest research of the winners of the 2017 Labor Mobilis Award – Frederic De Wispelaere and Prof. J. Pacolet (and Lynn De Smedt) – these are Germany, France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Austria, Italy and Sweden – the workshop dealt with these directions and was conducted by lawyers of the respective law practising in the respective countries on a daily basis (in order – by Beata Donay, Agnieszka PaszkowskiBruno De Pauw, Marcin Lewandowski, Rudi Vouk, Davide Vieni, and Fabrizio Vittoria and Martin Enquist Källgren). Significantly, the workshop not only covered the most popular secondment directions, but also the most up-to-date topics – e.g. the entrustment of temporary workers in Germany (Lawyer Donay), the difficulties of the Austrian administration in accepting the legality of a secondment to Austria (Lawyer Vouk), or the operation in France by a French (and not a Polish – seconding) company.

Last but not least, the second day of the Congress and its reception by the Participants as well as the Speakers indicates that a kind of community of legal posting enthusiasts, who care about practical and reliable solutions, has been and continues to be established around the Congress. This is an excellent prognosis for the future in the current uncertain times.

Marcin Kiełbasa

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“Hot chair” interview with Jozef Gawron, Deputy Marshal of the Małopolska Region at the EKMP 2023

The first day of the European Labour Mobility Congress will close with a “hot chair” interview with a representative of our Regional Partner, Jozef Gawron, Deputy Marshal of the Małopolska Region. The main topic of the conversation will be the presence of Ukrainian citizens on the Malopolska labor market. The interview will be conducted by editor Zbigniew Bartuś (DGP).

Hundreds of thousands of Ukrainian women have found not only help and shelter but also employment in Malopolska. And, after all, these are not people who came to Poland in search of work, but war refugees. Work is the best form of assistance that can be given to those enjoying temporary protection, because it restores their dignity, hope and a sense of security. At the Congress, we are asking, among other things, whether female workers under temporary protection can be posted to other member states by their Malopolska employers?

Deputy Marshal of the Malopolska Region Józef Gawron

Deputy Marshal of the Małopolska Region and the councilor to the Małopolska Region Parliament from the Tarnów district. Józef Gawron is a graduate of the Cracow University of Technology, Master of Science in Mechanical Engineering with the specialization in Machine Technology. He also completed post-graduate studies in IT, post-graduate studies in economics, specializing in Entrepreneurship and post-graduate studies in Healthcare Manager. Between 2015 and 2018 he held the position of the Vice-Voivode of the Małopolska Region. For his activities for the local community, he was awarded the Silver Cross of Merit by the President of Poland.

More informations-> Malopolska.pl

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ELMC Warm Up! Training and support of caregivers and standardization of live-in care services

Join us for the final (free) warm-up before the 7th European Job Mobility Congress (Warm up!). One of the leading themes of the ELMC is the future of cross-border home care services.

Training and support of caregivers and standardization of live-in care services
  • What do caregivers need?
  • What are caregivers’ FAQs?
  • How to match the qualifications of caregivers to the needs of the seniors? – Dementia, paralysis, aphasia, diabetes…: it’s all the same.
  • Does increasing expenditure on training reduce recruitment costs? – Invest in reliable and stable staff
  • Randomness – the worst feature of care services
  • How to protect caregivers from extending their duties to housework?
  • Care services of divers quality
  • Economics of the live-in care services
  • European Pillar of Social Rights – #18 Everyone has the right to affordable long-term care, in particular home care and community-based care

Marek Benio, PhD – Lawyer and Economist. Vice President of Labour Mobility Initiative Association. Honorary Member of the Polish Social Security Association. Academic teacher. Expert in social security and labour law. Author of research and key legal opinions on the enforcement and basic Posting of Workers Directives and social security coordination. Participant of public consultations. Contributor to many international research and training programmes. Author of numerous publications on social security, labour law, public economy and administration. Supervisor of over 200 MA and diploma theses. Listed top ten best lecturers at the Cracow University of Economics.

Tomasz Piłat – Founder and activist of the Polish Association of Home Care Providers, for many years associated with the live-in care services. In 2017-2021 he was the Director of the Academy of Caregivers (an organization dealing with the education of live-in and professional caregivers, promoting the professionalization of the live-in care services sector). In 2018-2020, he collaborated with the Institut für Qualität und Innovation in der häuslichen Versorgung on the development of online educational programs for professional caregivers. He was also a member of the Board of Directors of VHBP (Verband für häusliche Betreuung und Pflege) – a German association of companies operating in the field of live-in care services (2016-2021).

Iwona Przybyło – Director of the Office of Medical Quality and Knowledge Management at Aterima Med. Active, certified nurse. Over 19 years of experience in the profession. Graduated from the Faculty of Health Sciences in the field of Nursing at the Medical University of Gdańsk and specialised in Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Nursing. Certified occupational therapist, coach and trainer. For years, she has been committed to educating and enhancing the professional competencies of Caregivers of the elderly, nurses and occupational therapists. She believes that knowledge combined with experience are essential elements to better care for the Wards. Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator (free version)

Practical information

The meeting will take place online on Friday, March 31 from 12:30 to 14:00. Kindly send your application to the e-mail address [email protected].

We are waiting for applications until March 27. The discussion will be translated, inter alia into English, Spanish and Serbian. Free participation.

As usual, we encourage discussion and questions. Questions sent before the event will be answered first.

About European Labour Mobility Congress

European Labour Mobility Institute is the largest think tank on the posting of workers. We bring together entrepreneurs, academics, lawyers and civil servants to create the only and largest expert knowledge forum on the posting of workers in Poland and Europe. We take action to improve the applicable law and its correct interpretation and to stop cases of discrimination against Polish employers and their posted workers. We provide our members with access to current information and expert knowledge. read more >>>

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Tanel Feldman i Ewald Oberhammer lead workshops on second day of the ELMC

Posting of Workers- post arrival compliance – as simple as COMIC

The program of the second day will include several practical workshops conducted by outstanding experts and lawyers specializing in labour and social security law. Workshops focus on selected EU Member States and selected types of service.

Below are the topics of the workshop hosted by COMIC. It will be represented by Tanel Feldman and Ewald Oberhammer (partners at COMIC). Oberhammer Rechtsanwälte GmbH specializes in the field of immigration and labor law, particularly related to the employment of foreigners in Austria and international secondments to Austrian companies, as well as with private international clients who wish to establish a company in Austria.

The concept of post arrival compliance
Any cross-border provision of services must be prepared before the posted worker concerned crosses the border of the host Member State. Defining the posting scenario and determining any necessary redundancies, identifying the relevant applicable collective agreement (in the host Member State), determining the terms and conditions of employment that will compulsorily apply during the posting, drafting the letter of assignment and terms of reference, notifying the competent authority in the host Member State of the posting (and appointing a liaison person), and finally, applying for an A1 certificate.

That preparatory phase gives rise to certain documents: the letter of assignment that must contain inter alia a breakdown of the remuneration, the posting notification, and the A1 certificate.

Such documents, and additional recurrent documents relating to the posted worker’ remuneration, must be kept or made available (and/or copies retained), in paper or electronic form, during the assignment period and after its completion (see the host MS ‘national law transposing Art 9 Directive 2014/67).

The following recurrent documents are laid down by Article 9.1(b) Directive 2014/67/EU:

  1. time-sheets indicating the beginning, end, and duration of the daily working time ,
  2. payslips,
  3. proof of payment of wages,

Labour inspections will ascertain whether:

  1. all mandatory documents are retained
  2. their content is in accordance with the host MS’ national law/relevant applicable collective agreement (etc.)

Post arrival compliance means granting that the factual performance of a posting scenario complies with the host MS’ national law transposing Directive 96/71/EC as amended, and its enforcement Directive 2014/67/EU.

Managing post-arrival compliance

How to manage post-arrival compliance in the real “posting world”: numerous workers posted and frequent short-term assignments to different MS? (often, wage documents must cover work in the home MS and in different host MS, during the same month).

The Center of Corporate Migration (COMIC), has developed an EU-wide solution: Compliance monitoring and management software – digitalisation and knowledge hand in hand:

  1. Legal assistance regarding posting of workers from EU/EEA/Switzerland with 26 partnering firms in 26 MS
  2. Working time records with the mobile app Comic Go
  3. Remuneration check
  4. Monitoring of the duration of the posting considering the replacement condition
  5. Structured gathering and record keeping of payroll documents
  6. Automatic reminders
  7. Automatic monitoring
  8. Documentation reports for a large number of employees on demand
  9. Flexible access by HR and posted employees

Tanel Feldman i Ewald Oberhammer will present this solution at the practical workshop on Tuesday, 25th April 2023 on European Labour Mobility Institute

About the European Labour Mobility Congress

VI European Labour Mobility Congress, Krakow 2019: conference, posting of workers in the framework of the provision of services, Enforcement Directive, revision of the Directive 96/71/WE, coordination of social security systems, yellow card, mobility package. Starting this year, the final conference in Krakow has been preceded by a series of smaller events called WarmUps!more > > >

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ELMC Warm Up! TCN’s

Zapraszamy wszystkich zainteresowanych tematyką delegowania pracowników na warsztaty praktyczne w ramach cyklu rozgrzewek przed Europejskim Kongresem Mobilności Pracy (ELMC Warm up!) organizowane przez Europejski Instytut Mobilności Pracy. Spotkanie odbędzie się w piątek 3 marca w godzinach 11.00-14:30 w formacie hybrydowym. Tematem będzie delegowanie obywateli państw trzecich z i do Polski.


Cz. I – Ogólne zasady delegowania pracowników w ramach swobody świadczenia usług.

  • Umowny wybór prawa mającego zastosowanie do umów o pracę lub umów cywilnoprawnych
  • Przepisy wymuszające swoje zastosowanie: czas pracy, wynagrodzenie, urlopy, bhp, uprawnienia rodzicielskie, użyczanie pracowników, niedyskryminacja, podróże służbowe, warunki zakwaterowania
  • Zasada korzystności
  • Notyfikacja (proste zgłoszenie), przedłużenie okresu delegowanie powyżej 12 miesięcy. Delegowanie długoterminowe
  • Ustalanie ustawodawstwa w zakresie ubezpieczeń społecznych
  • A1 dla pracowników delegowanych i dla pracowników wykonujących stale pracę w dwóch lub więcej państwach członkowskich.

Cz. II – Specyfika delegowania cudzoziemców

  • Legalny pobyt i legalne zatrudnienie w państwie wysyłającym
  • Znaczenie miejsca zamieszkania
  • Czasowe wykonywanie pracy, trwanie stosunku pracy w okresie delegowania warunek powrotu do państwa wysyłającego po wykonaniu zadania

Cz. III – Pytania i odpowiedzi

  • Czy można delegować cudzoziemca na podstawie umowy zlecenia?
  • Czy można delegować cudzoziemca w formie pracy tymczasowej?
  • Jak udowodnić miejsce zamieszkania?
  • Uzupełniam zespół do wykonania usługi w innym p. cz. – Czy mogę zatrudnić cudzoziemca w celu oddelegowania (tylko do tego projektu)?
  • Wiem, że nie trzeba występować o zezwolenie na pracę w państwie przyjmującym, ale czy cudzoziemiec musi posiadać wizę pobytową zezwalającą na pracę w tym państwie? Czy może wykonywać pracę bez takiej wizy np. w ramach ruchu bezwizowego w okresie do 90 dni?
  • Fikcyjne zatrudnienie w państwie wysyłającym
  • Badanie legalności zatrudnienia i pobytu w sytuacji transgranicznej
    – kompetencje inspekcji pracy i innych organów kontroli (ZUS, Straż Graniczna)
    – współpraca instytucji kontrolnych (rola Europejskiego Urzędu Pracy – ELA, narzędzia unijne: d. platforma do pracy nierejestrowanej, IMI, EESSI, cyfrowa weryfikacja A1)

Informacja o Prowadzących

Dr Marek Benio – prawnik, doktor nauk ekonomicznych, popularyzator nauki, komentator prawa, lobbysta i społecznik. Członek honorowy Małopolskiego Oddziału Polskiego Stowarzyszenia Ubezpieczenia Społecznego, współzałożyciel i wiceprezes zarządu IMP, fundator i członek Rady Fundacji Gospodarki i Administracji Publicznej, współorganizator Europejskiego Kongresu Mobilności Pracy. Wieloletni trener z zakresu prawa pracy i ubezpieczeń społecznych. Uczestnik konsultacji społecznych i autor kluczowych opinii prawnych na temat zapisów dyrektywy wdrożeniowej, rewizji dyrektywy podstawowej oraz rozporządzeń o koordynacji systemów ubezpieczenia społecznego. Wykłada prawo pracy i ubezpieczenia społeczne na Uniwersytecie Ekonomicznym w Krakowie. Uczestnik wielu międzynarodowych programów badawczych. Autor licznych publikacji.

Agata Kostyk-Lewandowska – ekspert w dziedzinie prawa pracy, w szczególności zatrudnienia transgranicznego. Ceniony wykładowca i szkoleniowiec, a przede wszystkim jeden z najbardziej doświadczonych i kompetentnych ekspertów w Polsce w dziedzinie legalności zatrudnienia cudzoziemców, działalności agencji zatrudnienia (w szczególności pośrednictwa pracy i pracy tymczasowej) oraz delegowaniu pracowników w ramach świadczenia usług w UE.
Nieobca jest Jej również działalność publicystyczna z zakresu prawa pracy – w tym delegowania pracowników, pracy zdalnej oraz z zakresu technicznego bezpieczeństwa pracy, jak również działalność komentatorska.

Informacje praktyczne

Spotkanie odbędzie się w formacie hybrydowym w piątek 3 marca w godzinach 11:00-14:30. Osoby, które zdecydują się wziąć udział stacjonarnie zapraszamy do Warszawy – dokładne miejsce podamy w późniejszym czasie (liczba miejsc ograniczona).

Na zgłoszenia czekamy do 24 lutego. Prosimy je przesyłać na adres mailowy [email protected] z dopiskiem czy zamierzają Państwo uczestniczyć stacjonarnie czy on-line na platformie zoom.

Jak zwykle zachęcamy do dyskusji i do zadawania pytań. Na pytania nadesłane przed wydarzeniem odpowiemy w pierwszej kolejności. Potwierdzenie rezerwacji miejsca wyślemy mailem. Prosimy o poinformowanie nas o rezygnacji z uczestnictwa aby umożliwić udział osób z listy rezerwowej.